Custom Clearance of Imported Goods.


Introduction

All goods imported into India have to pass through the procedure of customs for proper examination, appraisal, assessment and evaluation. This helps the custom authorities to charge the proper tax and also check the goods against the illegal import. Also it is important to note that no import is allowed in India if the importer doesn’t have the IEC number issued by the DFGT. There is no requirement of IEC number if the goods are imported for the personal use.

Bill of Entry
A Bill of Entry also known as Shipment Bill is a statement of the nature and value of goods to be imported or exported, prepared by the shipper and presented to a customhouse. The importer clearing the goods for domestic consumption has to file bill of entry in four copies; original and duplicate are meant for customs, third copy for the importer and the fourth copy is meant for the bank for making remittances.
If the goods are cleared through the EDI system, no formal Bill of Entry is filed as it is generated in the computer system, but the importer is required to file a cargo declaration having prescribed particulars required for processing of the entry for customs clearance.
In the non-EDI system along with the bill of entry filed by the importer or his representative the following documents are also generally required:-

  • Signed invoice

  • Packing list

  • Bill of Lading or Delivery Order/Airway Bill

  • GATT declaration form duly filled in

  • Importers/ CHA’s declaration

  • License wherever necessary

  • Letter of Credit/Bank Draft/wherever necessary

  • Insurance document

  • Import license

  • Industrial License, if required

  • Test report in case of chemicals

  • Adhoc exemption order

  • DEEC Book/DEPB in original

  • Catalogue, Technical write up, Literature in case of machineries, spares or chemicals as may be applicable

  • Separately split up value of spares, components machineries

  • Certificate of Origin, if preferential rate of duty is claimed

  • No Commission declaration

Amendment of Bill of Entry
Whenever mistakes are noticed after submission of documents, amendments to the bill of entry is carried out with the approval of Deputy/Assistant Commissioner.

Green Channel facility
Some major importers have been given the green channel clearance facility. It means clearance of goods is done without routine examination of the goods. They have to make a declaration in the declaration form at the time of filing of bill of entry. The appraisement is done as per normal procedure except that there would be no physical examination of the goods.

Payment of Duty
Import duty may be paid in the designated banks or through TR-6 challans. Different Custom Houses have authorised different banks for payment of duty and is necessary to check the name of the bank and the branch before depositing the duty.

Prior Entry for Shipping Bill or Bill of Entry
For faster clearance of the goods, provision has been made in section 46 of the Act, to allow filing of bill of entry prior to arrival of goods. This bill of entry is valid if vessel/aircraft carrying the goods arrive within 30 days from the date of presentation of bill of entry.

Specialized Schemes
Import of goods under specialized scheme such as DEEC and EOU etc is required to execute bonds with the custom authorities. In case failure of bond, importer is required to pay the duty livable on those goods. The amount of bond would be equal to the amount of duty livable on the imported goods. The bank guarantee is also required along with the bond. However, the amount of bank guarantee depends upon the status of the importer like Super Star Trading House/Trading House etc.

Bill of Entry for Bond/Warehousing
A separate form of bill of entry is used for clearance of goods for warehousing. Assessment of this bill of entry is done in the same manner as the normal bill of entry and then the duty payable is determined.

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What is New?
Date: 19-09-2014
DGFT Public Notice No.70/(RE 2013)/2009-14
Corrigendum to Public Notice number 52 dated 25.02.2014.

Date: 18-09-2014
Customs Notification No. 27/ 2014
Seeks to amend Notification No 39/96- Customs, dated the 23rd July, 1996

Date: 18-09-2014
Customs Notification No. 28/ 2014
Seeks to amend notification No.12/2012-Cus dated 17.3.2012

Date: 18-09-2014
Customs Notification No. 41/2014-Customs (ADD)
Seeks to levy definitive anti-dumping duty on imports of sulphur black, originating in or exported from People's Republic of China, for a period of five years.

Date: 18-09-2014
Customs Notification No 87/2014 (NT)
Rate of exchange of conversion of each of the foreign currency with effect from 19th September, 2014

Date: 18-09-2014
Customs Notification No 86/2014 (NT)
Amends Notification No. 12/97-CUSTOMS (N.T.), dated the 2nd April, 1997

Date: 17-09-2014
Central Excise INSTRUCTION
Instructions in light of Judgment of Hon’ble Supreme Court on Sales Tax Incentive Scheme

Date: 17-09-2014
RBI/2014-15/234 A.P. (DIR Series) Circular No.31
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in India - Issue of equity shares under the FDI Scheme against legitimate dues

Date: 16-09-2014
DGFT Public Notice No.69/(RE 2013)/2009-14
Fixation of SION.

Date: 16-09-2014
Customs Notification No. 40/2014-Customs (ADD)
Seeks to impose provisional anti-dumping duty on imports of electrical insulators of glass or ceramics/porcelain, whether assembled or unassembled originating in, or exported from the People’s Republic of China for a period of six months


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