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Chapter - 7 Special Economic Zones.


Chapter - 7 : Special Economic Zones


Special Economic Zones (SEZs) Scheme in India was conceived by the Commerce and Industries Minister Murosoli Maran during a visit to Special Economic Zones in China in 1999. The scheme was announced at the time of annual review of EXIM Policy effective from 1.4.2000. SEZ is basically a geographically distributed area or zones where the economic laws are more liberal as compared to other parts of the country. Within SEZs, units may be set-up for the manufacture of goods, provisioning of services, and other activities including processing, assembling, trading and repairing etc. A SEZ may be set-up in the public, private, or joint sector and /or by a state government and even by a foreign country. The minimum land area requirement for establishing a SEZ is 1000 hectares. Out of this total area, only 30-35% of area is used for setting up plants and rest of the area is used to provide housing facilities, malls, multiplexes etc. The area under 'SEZ' covers a broad range of zone types, including Export Processing Zones (EPZ), Free Zones (FZ), Industrial Estates (IE), Free Trade Zones (FTZ), Free Ports, Urban Enterprise Zones and others. Usually the goal of an SEZ structure is to increase foreign investment. In Indian, at present there are eight functional Special Economic Zones located at Santa Cruz (Maharashtra), Cochin (Kerala), Kandla and Surat (Gujarat), Chennai (Tamil Nadu), Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh), Falta (West Bengal) and Nodia (Uttar Pradesh) in India. Further a Special Economic Zone at Indore ( Madhya Pradesh ) is also ready for operation. In addition 18 approvals have been given for setting up of SEZ at Positra (Gujarat), Navi Mumbai and Kopata (Maharashtra), Nanguneri (Tamil Nadu), Kulpi and Salt Lake (West Bengal), Paradeep and Gopalpur (Orissa), Bhadohi, Kanpur, Moradabad and Greater Noida (U.P.), Vishakhapatnam and Kakinada (Andhra Pradesh), Vallarpadam /Puthuvypeen (Kerala) Hassan (Karnataka), Jaipur and Jodhpur (Rajasthan) on the basis of proposals received from the State Governments. Any new policy or amendment related to the Special Economic Zones (SEZs) will be very soon released with the new Exim Policy 2008-2009 on or after 31st March 2008. The policy relating to Special Economic Zones is governed by SEZ Act 2005, and the Rules framed thereunder.


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What is New?

Date: 29-05-2020
Circular No. 26/2020-Customs
Review of Circular No. 17/2020 dated 03.04.2020 namely, 'Measures to facilitate trade during the lockdown period- section 143 AA of the Customs Act, 1962'

Date: 29-05-2020
Notification No. 48/2020-CUSTOMS (N.T.)
Tariff Notification in respect of Fixation of Tariff Value of Edible Oils, Brass Scrap, Poppy Seeds, Areca Nut, Gold and Silver- Reg.

Date: 28-05-2020
Instruction No. 7/2020- Customs
Special drive for disposal of applications for fixation of Brand Rate of Duty Drawback.

Date: 27-05-2020
Notification No. 9/2020-Customs (ADD)
Seeks to levy definitive anti-dumping duty on imports of 'Electronic Calculators of all types excluding calculators with attached printers, commonly referred to as printing calculators; calculators with ability to plot charts and graphs, commonly referred to as graphing calculators; programmable calculators',originating in, or exported from, People's Republic of China for a period of five years, in pursuance of final findings of sunset review investigations issued by DGTR and in supersession of the notification No. 24/2015- Customs (ADD), dated the 29th May, 2015.

Date: 22-05-2020
Notification No. 47/2020-CUSTOMS (N.T.)
Appointment of CAA in case of in case of M/s Satnam Steels, Rajkot.

Date: 22-05-2020
PUBLIC NOTICE No. 06/2015-2020
Inclusion of Gopalpur Port, Odisha as a Port of Registration under Para 4.37 of Handbook of Procedures, 2015-2020.

Date: 22-05-2020
TRADE NOTICE NO. 12/2020-2021
Issuance of Preferential Certificate of Origin for India’s exports to Thailand and Vietnam under ASEAN-India FTA

Date: 21-05-2020
Notification No. 24/2020 - Customs
Seeks to amend notification No. 56/2000-Customs dated 05.05.2000, No. 57/2000-Customs dated 08.05.2000 and No. 40/2015-Customs dated 21.07.2015 providing for extension of last date of export by six months, for those cases where the last date of export falls between 01.2.2020 and 31.7.2020 due to the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic.

Date: 21-05-2020
Notification No. 25/2020 - Customs
Inclusion of Gopalpur Port [INGPR1] as notified port for getting benefits under AA/ EPCG schemes and other export incentive schemes like MEIS/SEIS and other such schemes.

Date: 21-05-2020
Notification No.46/2020 - Customs (N.T.)
Exchange Rates Notification No.46/2020-Custom (NT) dated 21.05.2020.



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