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FEMA, Foreign Currency Accounts By Person Resident in India, Regulations 2000.


Short title and commencement
Restriction on holding foreign currency account by a person resident in India
Opening, holding and maintaining an Exchange Earner’s Foreign Currency Account
Opening, holding and maintaining a Resident Foreign Currency Account
Opening, holding and maintaining a Resident Foreign Currency (Domestic) Account
Opening, holding and maintaining a Foreign Currency Account in India in certain other cases
Opening, holding and maintaining a Foreign Currency Account outside India
Limit on holding in a Foreign Currency Account
Types of accounts
Remittances out of the accounts after the account holder’s death
Responsibility of authorised dealers maintaining foreign currency accounts
6A. Foreign Currency Account of a unit in a Special Economic Zone

Foreign Exchange Management (Foreign Currency Accounts by a Person Resident in India) Regulations, 2000

Notification No.FEMA 10/2000-RB dated 3rd May 2000 - In exercise of the powers conferred by clause (b) of Section 9 and clause (e) of sub-section (2) of Section 47 of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (42 of 1999), the Reserve Bank of India makes the following regulations for opening, holding and maintaining of Foreign Currency Accounts and the limits upto which amounts can be held in such accounts by a person resident in India, namely:

  1. Short title and commencement
    1. These Regulations may be called the Foreign Exchange Management (Foreign Currency Accounts by a Person Resident in India) (Amendment) Regulations, 2004.
    2. They shall come into force from the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.

    (Above sub-regulations (i) & (ii) has been amended vide , Dt. 06/03/2004)

    "Pre-Revised
    1. These Regulations may be called the Foreign Exchange Management (Foreign Currency Accounts by a person resident in India) (First Amendment) Regulations, 2004
    2. They shall come into force on their publication in the Official Gazette.

    (Above sub-regulations (a) & (b) has been amended vide Notification No. FEMA 109/2004-RB, Dt. 01/01/2004)"

    1. These Regulations may be called the Foreign Exchange Management (Foreign Currency Accounts by a Person Resident in India) (Fourth Amendment) Regulations, 2003.
    2. They shall come into force from the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.

      (Above sub-regulations i. & ii. has been amended vide, Dt. 07/06/2003)
  1. Short title and commencement
    1. These regulations may be called the Foreign Exchange Management (Foreign Currency Accounts by a Person Resident in India ) (Third Amendment) Regulations, 2003.
    2. They shall come into force on their publication in the Official Gazette.

      (Above sub-regulations (a) & (b) has been amended vide Notification No. FEMA 90/2003-RB, Dt. 23/05/2003)
  1. Short title and commencement :
    1. These Regulations may be called the Foreign Exchange Management (Foreign Currency Account by a person Resident in India ) (Second Amendment) Regulations, 2003.
    2. They shall come into force from the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.

    (Above sub-regulations a. & b. has been amended vide Notification No. FEMA 89/2003-RB, Dt. 29/04/2003)

    1. These Regulations may be called the Foreign Exchange Management (Foreign Currency Account by a Person Resident in India) (Amendment) Regulations, 2003.
    2. They shall come into force from the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.

    (Above sub-regulation (a) & (b) has been amended vide Notification No. )

      1. These Regulation may be called the Foreign Exchange Management (Foreign Currency Accounts by a Person Resident in India) (Sixth Amendment) Regulations, 2002.
      2. They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the official gazette.

        (Above sub-regulations (i) & (ii) has been amended vide Notification No. FEMA 77/2002-RB, Dt. 25/11/2002)
  1. Short title and commencement
    1. These Regulations may be called the Foreign Exchange Management (Foreign Currency Accounts by a Person Resident in India) (Fifth Amendment) Regulations, 2002.
    2. They shall come into force on their publication in the Official Gazette.

    (Above sub-regulations a. & b. has been amended vide Notification No. FEMA 74/2002-RB, Dt. 01/11/2002)

    1. These Regulations way be called the Foreign Exchange Management (Foreign Currency Accounts by a person resident in India) (Fourth Amendment) Regulations, 2002.
    2. They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the official Gazette.

    (Sub-regulations (i) & (ii) has been amended vide Notification No. FEMA 69/2002-RB, Dt. 26/08/2002)

      1.  These Regulations may be called the Foreign Exchange Management (Foreign Currency Accounts by a Person Resident in India) ( Third Amendment) Regulations, 2002.
      2. They shall come into force on their publication in the Official Gazette.

        (Sub-regulations (i) & (ii) has been amended vide Notification No. FEMA 63/2002-RB, Dt. 21/06/2002)

        These Regulations may be called the Foreign Exchange Management (Foreign Currency Accounts by a Person Resident in India) (Second Amendment) Regulations, 2002.

        They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the official Gazette.

        (Above Short title and commencement has been amended vide FEMA Ntf. No. 58/2002-RB, Dt. 01/04/2002)

        i. These Regulations may be called the Foreign Exchange Management (Foreign Currency Accounts by a Person Resident in India) (Amendment) Regulations, 2002.

        ii. They shall come into force from the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.

    (Above sub-regulations (i) & (ii) has been amended vide Fema Notification No. 51/2002-RB, Dt. 27/02/2002)

      1.  These Regulations may be called the Foreign Exchange Management (Foreign Currency Accounts by a Person Resident in India) (Second Amendment) Regulations, 2001.
      2.  They shall come into force with immediate effect.

(Above sub-regulations (i) & (ii) has been amended vide FEMA Notification No. 47/2001-RB dated 05/12/2001)

"Pre-Revised

  1. Short title and commencement
    1. These Regulations may be called the Foreign Exchange Management (Foreign Currency Accounts by a Person Resident in India) (Amendment) Regulations, 2001.
    2.  They shall come into force with immediate effect."
      (Above sub-regulations (i) & (ii) had been amended vide Notification No. 37/2001-RB dated 27/02/2001)

      (Above sub-regulations (a) & (b) had been amended vide Notification No. 34/2001-RB dated 22/01/2001)

      (Above sub-regulations (i) & (ii) had been amended vide Notification No. 30/2000-RB dated 17/11/2000)

      (Above sub-regulations (i) & (ii) had been amended vide Notification No. 27/2000-RB dated 14/08/2000) "
  2. Definitions :-
    In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires, -
    1. ‘Act’ means the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (42 of 1999);
    2. ‘Authorised dealer’ means a person authorised as an authorised dealer under sub-section (1) of section 10 of the Act;
    3. ‘Foreign Currency Account’ means an account held or maintained in currency other than the currency of India or Nepal or Bhutan;
    4. ‘Schedule’ means a schedule to these Regulations;
    5. the words and expressions used but not defined in these Regulations shall have the same meanings respectively assigned to them in the Act.
  3. Restriction on holding foreign currency account by a person resident in India :-

    Save as otherwise provided in the Act or rules or regulations made thereunder, no person resident in India shall open or hold or maintain a Foreign Currency Account:

    Provided that a Foreign Currency Account held or maintained before the commencement of these Regulations by a person resident in India with special or general permission of the Reserve Bank, shall be deemed to be held or maintained under these Regulations :

    Provided further that the Reserve Bank, may on an application made to it, permit a person resident in India to open or hold or maintain a Foreign Currency Account, subject to such terms and conditions as may be considered necessary.
  4. Opening, holding and maintaining an Exchange Earner’s Foreign Currency Account :-

    A person resident in India may open, hold and maintain with an authorised dealer in India, a Foreign Currency Account to be known as Exchange Earner’s Foreign Currency (EEFC) Account, subject to the terms and conditions of the Exchange Earners’ Foreign Currency Account Scheme specified in the Schedule.
    (Please refer Circular No. 22/2003-04-RB, Dt. 24/09/2003 for Export of Goods and Services - Payment of Claims by ECGC)
    (Please refer Circular. No. 21/2003-04-RB, DT. 23/09/2003 for Regulation 4 and 5A )
    (Pl. refer A.P.(DIR Series) Circular No. 34/2002-RB, Dt. 01/04/2002 for Facilities to Status Holder Exporters - Credit to the EEFC account)
  5. Opening, holding and maintaining a Resident Foreign Currency Account :-
    1. A person resident in India may open, hold and maintain with an authorised dealer in India a Foreign Currency Account, to be known as a Resident Foreign Currency (RFC) Account, out of foreign exchange –
      1. received as pension or any other superannuation or other monetary benefits from his employer outside India; or
      2. realised on conversion of the assets referred to in sub-section (4) of section 6 of the Act, and repatriated to India; or
      3. received or acquired as gift or inheritance from a person referred to in sub-section (4) of section 6 of the Act; or
      4. referred to in clause (c) of section 9 of the Act, or acquired as gift or inheritance therefrom.
      5. received as the proceeds of life insurance policy claims/maturity/surrender values settled in foreign currency from an insurance company in India permitted to undertake life insurance business by the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority.

        (Above sub-clause (d) has been added vide Notification No. FEMA 109/2004-RB, Dt. 01/01/2004
    2. The funds in a Resident Foreign Currency Account opened or held or maintained in terms of sub-regulation (1) shall be free from all restrictions regarding utilisation of foreign currency balances including any restriction on investment in any form, by whatever name called, outside India.

    5A.
    Opening, holding and maintaining a Resident Foreign Currency (Domestic) Account

    1. A resident Individual
      "Pre-Revised -A person resident in India " may open, hold and maintain with an Authorised Dealer in India a foreign currency account, to be known as Resident Foreign Currency (Domestic) Account, out of foreign exchange acquired in the form of currency notes, bank notes and travellers cheques :

      (In above sub-regulations (1) words before OLD has been substituted vide Notification No. FEMA 109/2004-RB, Dt. 01/01/2004).
      1. while on a visit to any place outside India by way of payment for services not arising from any business in or anything done in India; or
      2. from any person not resident in India and who is on a visit to India, as honorarium or gift or for services rendered or in settlement of any lawful obligation; or
      3. by way of honorarium or gift while on a visit to any place outside India; or
      4. represents the unspent amount of foreign exchange acquired by him from an authorised person for travel abroad.
      5. as gift from a close relative;

        Explanation : For the purpose of this clause, "close relative'' means relatives as defined in Section 6 of the Companies Act, 1956.
      6. by way of earning through export of goods / services, or as royalty, honorarium or by any other lawful means;
      7. representing the disinvestment proceeds received by the resident account-holder on conversion of shares held by him to ADRs / DGRs under the Sponsored ADR / GDR Scheme approved by the Foreign Investment Promotion Board of Government of India.

        (Clause e. to g. has been added vide Notification No. FEMA 90/2003-RB, Dt. 23/05/2003)
      8. by way of earnings received as the proceeds of life insurance policy claims/maturity/surrender values settled in foreign currency from an insurance company in India permitted to undertake life insurance business by the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority.

        (Above sub-clause h. has been added vide Notification No. FEMA 109/2004-RB, Dt. 01/01/2004)
    2. Debits to the account shall be for payments towards a current account transaction in accordance with the provisions of the Foreign Exchange Management (Current Account Transactions) Rules, 2000 and towards a capital account transaction permissible under the Foreign Exchange Management (Permissible Capital Account Transactions) Regulations, 2000.
    3. The account shall be maintained in the form of Current Account and shall not bear any interest.
    4. There shall be no ceiling on the balances in the account."
      (Above regulations 5A has been added vide Notification No. FEMA 74/2002-RB, Dt. 01/11/2002)
  6. Opening, holding and maintaining a Foreign Currency Account in India in certain other cases :-

    A shipping or airline company incorporated outside India or its agent in India may open, hold and maintain a Foreign Currency Account with an authorised dealer in India for meeting the local expenses in India of such airline or shipping company:

    Provided that the credits to such accounts are only by way of freight or passage fare collections in India or by inward remittances through normal banking channels from its office outside India and, in the case of agent, from his principal outside India.
  7. Opening, holding and maintaining a Foreign Currency Account outside India :-
    1. An authorised dealer in India may open, hold and maintain with his branch or head office or correspondent outside India, a Foreign Currency Account for the purpose of transacting foreign exchange business and other matters incidental thereto, in accordance with the provisions of the Act or the rules or regulations made or the directions issued thereunder.
    2. A branch outside India of a bank incorporated or constituted in India may open, hold and maintain with a bank outside India, a Foreign Currency Account for the purpose of carrying on normal banking business outside India, subject to compliance with the directions or guidelines issued from time to time by the Reserve Bank, and the regulatory authority in the country where the branch is located.
    3. A shipping or airline company incorporated in India may open, hold and maintain with a bank outside India, a Foreign Currency Account for the purpose of undertaking transactions in the ordinary course of its business.
    4. Life Insurance Corporation of India or General Insurance Corporation of India and its subsidiaries may open, hold and maintain with a bank outside India, a Foreign Currency Account for the purpose of meeting the expenditure incidental to the insurance business carried on by them and for that purpose, credit to such account the insurance premia received by them outside India.

      (4A) A firm or a company or a body corporate registered or incorporated in India (hereinafter referred to as ‘the Indian entity’) may open, hold and maintain in the name of its office (trading or non-trading) or its branch set up outside India or its representative posted outside India, a foreign currency account with a bank outside India by making remittances from India for the purpose of normal business operations of the office/branch or representative;

      Provided that -
      1. the overseas branch/office has been set up or representative is posted overseas for conducting normal business activities of the Indian entity;
      2. the total remittances made under this sub-Regulation by the Indian entity, to all such accounts in an accounting year shall not exceed
        1. 2 per cent of the average annual sales/income or turnover during last two accounting years of the Indian entity, where the remittances are made to meet initial expenses of the branch or office or representative,
          and
        2. 1 per cent of such average annual sales/income or turnover where the remittances are made to meet recurring expenses of the branch or office or representative;
      3. the overseas branch/office/representative shall not enter in any contract or agreement in contravention of the Act, Rules or Regulations made thereunder;
      4. the account so opened, held or maintained shall be closed,
        1. if the overseas branch./office is not set up within six months of opening the account, or
        2. within one month of closure of the overseas branch/office, or
        3. where no representative is posted for six months.

          and the balance held in the account shall be repatriated to India;
        Provided further that the restriction contained in clause (b) of the first proviso shall not apply in a case where -
        1. the remittances to the account maintained under this sub-Regulation are made out of funds held in EEFC account of the Indian entity, or
        2. the overseas branch/office is set up or representative posted by a 100% EOU or a unit in EPZ or in a Hardware Technology Park or in a Software Technology Park, within two years of establishment of the Unit.

        Explanation: For the purpose of this sub-Regulation,
        1. Purchase of acquisition of Office equipments and other assets required for normal business operations of the overseas branch/office/representative will not be deemed as a capital account transaction;
        2. Transfer or acquisition of immovable property outside India, other than by way of lease not exceeding five years, by the overseas branch/office/representative will be subject to the Foreign Exchange Management (Acquisition and Transfer of Immovable Property outside India) Regulations, 2000".
          (Above sub-regulation (4A) has been inserted vide FEMA Notification No. 47/2001-RB dated 05/12/2001)
    5. A person resident in India, being an exporter who has undertaken a construction contract or a turnkey project outside India or who is exporting services or engineering goods from India on deferred payment terms may open, hold and maintain a Foreign Currency Account with a bank outside or in India "PRE-Revised " Foreign Currency Account with a bank outside India ", provided that -

      (In clause (5) words before OLD has been substituted vide Notification.No. FEMA 87/2003-RB, Dt. 20/03/2003)
      1.  approval as required under the Foreign Exchange Management (Export of goods and services) Regulations, 2000 has been obtained for undertaking the contract/project/export of goods or services, and
      2. Foreign Currency Accounts by a Person Resident in India the terms and conditions stipulated in the letter of approval have been duly complied with.
        (Please refer Circular. No. 20/2003-04-RB, DT. 23/09/2003 for Regulation 7(5))
    6. A person resident in India who has gone abroad for studies or who is on a visit to a foreign country may open, hold and maintain a Foreign Currency Account with a bank outside India during his stay outside India, provided that on his return to India, the balance in the account is repatriated to India :

      Provided that short visits to India by a person who has gone abroad for studies, before completion of his studies, shall not be treated as his return to India.
    7. A person resident in India who has gone out of India to participate in an exhibition/ trade fair outside India may open, hold and maintain a Foreign Currency Account with a bank outside India for crediting the sale proceeds of goods on display in the exhibition/trade fair :

      Provided that the balance in the account is repatriated to India through normal banking channels within a period of one month from the date of closure of the exhibition/trade fair.
    8. A national of a foreign state resident in India being an employee of a foreign company or a citizen of India employed by a foreign company outside India and in either case on deputation [OLD - A national of a foreign state resident in India being an employee of a foreign company on deputation ] to the office/branch/subsidiary/joint venture in India of such foreign company may open, hold and maintain a foreign currency account with a bank outside India and received the salary payable to him for the services rendered to the office/branch/subsidiary/joint venture in India of such foreign company, by credit to such account;

      (Bold words in sub-regulations (8) has been substituted vide Notification No. FEMA 89/2003-RB, Dt. 29/04/2003)

      Provided that,
      1. the amount to be credited to such account shall not exceed 75 per cent of the salary accrued to or received by such person from the foreign company;
      2. the remaining salary shall be paid in rupees in India;
      3. Income tax chargeable under the Income Tax Act 1961 is paid on the entire salary as accrued in India."
        ( In regulation 7 above para (8) has been added vide Notification No. 34/2001-RB dated 22/01/2001)
  8. Limit on holding in a Foreign Currency Account :-

    Unless otherwise stipulated by the Reserve Bank, a person resident in India who has opened and is maintaining a Foreign Currency Account in accordance with the provisions of Regulations 6 and 7, may hold therein foreign exchange without any limit.
  9. Types of accounts :-

    A Foreign Currency Account with an authorised dealer in India under these Regulations may be opened, held and maintained -
    1. in the form of current or savings or term deposit account in cases where the account holder is an individual, and in the form of current account or term deposit account in all other cases;

      "Provided that the EEFC Account referred to in Regulation 4, shall be opened, held or maintained in the form of a non-interest bearing current account only;"

      (Above proviso has been amended vide Notification No. 30/2000-RB dated 17/11/2000)

      "Pre-Revised

      "Provided that the EEFC Account referred to in Regulations 4, shall not be opened, held and maintained in the form of a term deposit account/"]

      (In sub-regulation (1), above proviso had been inserted vide Notification No. 27/2000-RB dated 14/08/2000)
    2. singly or jointly in the name of person eligible to open, hold and maintain such account.
  10. Remittances out of the accounts after the account holder’s death :-

    On the death of a foreign currency accountholder, -
    1. the authorised dealer with whom the account is held or maintained may remit to a nominee being a person resident outside India, funds to the extent of his share or entitlement from the account of the deceased accountholder;
    2. a nominee being a person resident in India, who is desirous of remitting funds outside India out of his share for meeting the liabilities abroad of the deceased, may apply to the Reserve Bank for such remittance.
  11. Responsibility of authorised dealers maintaining foreign currency accounts :-

    An authorised dealer maintaining foreign currency accounts shall -
    1. comply with the directions issued by the Reserve Bank from time to time; and
    2. submit periodic return or statement, if any, as may be stipulated by the Reserve Bank .

Schedule
(See Regulation 4)

Exchange Earner’s Foreign Currency (EEFC) Account Scheme

  1. Limit up to which foreign currency may be credited to EEFC account
    1. An entity or a person specified in column I of the Table below may credit to the EEFC Account an amount upto tine limit specified in Column 2 thereof from out of the foreign exchange earnings specified in sub-paragraph (iA), namely;
      Entity/Person Limit (per cent)
      1. A Status Holder Exporter (as defined in EXIM policy in force) 100
      2. A resident in India for professional services rendered in his individual capacity 100
      3. 100 per cent Export Oriented Unit/s, Unit/s in EPZs/STPs/EHTPs 70
      4. Any other person resident in India 50

(In above Table in item 2 for figure "70", the figure "100" shall be substituted vide Notification No. FEMA 92/2003-RB, Dt. 07/06/2003)

Provided that the Reserve Bank may, on an application made to it and on being satisfied that it is necessary to do so, grant permission to hold higher percentage of inward remittance/payments in foreign exchange in the EEFC account.

Explanation : For the purpose of category (2) in column 1, "professional" shall mean:

  1. Director on Board of overseas company
  2. Scientist /Professor in Indian University/Institution
  3. Economist
  4. Lawyer
  5. Doctor
  6. Architect
  7. Engineer
  8. Artist
  9. Cost/Chartered Account
  10. Any other person rendering professional services in his individual capacity, as may be specified by the Reserve Bank from time to time"

(Paragraph (1) has been substitued vide Notification No. FEMA 69/2002-RB, Dt. 26/08/2002)

"Pre-Revised
(1) An entity or a person specified in column 1 of the Table below may credit to the EEFC Account an amount up to the limit specified in column 2 thereof from out of the foreign exchange earnings specified in sub-paragraph (1A), namely:

TABLE
Entity or person Limit (per cent)
1. A Status Holder Exporter (as defined in EXIM Policy in force) 100
2. 100 per cent Export Oriented Unit/a Unit in Export Processing Zone/Software Technology Park/Electronic Hardware Technology Park 70
3. Any other person resident in India 50

Provided that the Reserve Bank may, on an application made to it and on being satisfied that it is necessary to do so, grant permission to hold higher percentage of inward remittance/payments in foreign exchange in the EEFC account."

(Above paragraph (1) has been substituted vide FEMA Notification No. 58/2002-RB, Dt. 01/04/2002)

  1. A 100 per cent Export Oriented Unit or a Unit in (a) Export processing zone or (b) Software Technology Park or (c) Electronic Hardware Technology Park may credit up to 70 per cent, and any other person resident in India may credit up to 50 per cent of the following, to the EEFC Account, namely-

    (Please see Circular No. 26/2002, Dt. 1/3/2002)

(The above paragraph (1) amended by Notification No. 30/2000-RB, dated 17/11/2000)
"Pre-Revised

  1. A 100 per cent Export Oriented Unit or a Unit in (a) Export processing zone or (b) Software Technology Park or (c) Electronic Hardware Technology Park may credit up to 35 per cent, and any other person resident in India may credit up to 25 per cent of the following, to the EEFC Account, namely-"

    (Above paragraph (1) amended by No. 27/2000-RB, dated 14/08/2000)

(1A) Following foreign exchange earnings are specified for the purpose of sub-paragraph (1), namely:
(Above (1A) has been inserted vide FEMA Notification No. 58/2002-RB, Dt. 01/04/2002)

  1. inward remittance through normal banking channel, other than the remittance received pursuant to any undertaking given to the Reserve bank or which represents foreign currency loan raised or investment received from outside India or those received for meeting specific obligations by the account holder.

    (Pl. refer A.P.(DIR Series) Circular . No. 11/2002, Dt. 14/08/2002 for Exchange Earners’ Foreign Currency (EEFC) Account Scheme)

    (Above (i) has been substituted vide Fema Notification No. 51/2002-RB, Dt. 27/02/2002)

    "Pre-Revised
    i. inward remittance through normal banking channel, other than the remittance received pursuant to any undertaking given to the Reserve Bank or which represents foreign currency loan raised or investment received from outside India by the account holder; "
  2. payments received in foreign exchange by a 100 per cent Export Oriented Unit or a unit in (a) Export Processing Zone or (b) Software Technology Park or (c) Electronic Hardware Technology Park for supply of goods to similar such unit or to a unit in Domestic Tariff Area; and also payments received in foreign exchange by a unit in Domestic Tariff Area for supply of goods to a unit in Special Economic Zone (SEZ).

    (In above clause (ii) bold words has been added vide Notification .No. FEMA 77/2002-RB, Dt. 25/11/2002)
  3. payment received by an exporter from an account maintained with an authorised dealer for the purpose of counter trade, in accordance with the approval granted in terms of Regulation 14 of the Foreign Exchange Management (Export of Goods and Services) Regulations, 2000;
  4. advance remittance received by an exporter towards export of goods or services;
  5. Deleted.

    (Above (v) has been Deleted vide FEMA Notification No. 58/2002-RB, Dt. 01/04/2002)

    "Pre-Revised (v) payment received for export of goods and services from India, out of funds representing repayment of State Credit in U.S. dollar held in the account of Bank for Foreign Economic Affairs, Moscow, with an authorised dealer in India;"

  6. professional earnings including director's fees, consultancy fees, lecture fees, honorarium and similar other earnings received by a professional by rendering services in his individual capacity.

    (Clause (vi) has been added vide Notification No. FEMA 69/2002-RB, Dt. 26/08/2002)
    Provided that the Reserve Bank may, on an application made to it and on being satisfied that it is necessary to do so, grant permission to hold higher percentage of inward remittance/payments in foreign exchange in the EEFC account.

    (2) Except to the extent provided in sub-paragraph (1), no payment received in foreign exchange by the accountholder from any other person resident in India, shall be credited to an EEFC account.

    Explanation: For the purpose of the sub-paragraph (1), payment received through an international credit card for which reimbursement will be provided in foreign exchange may be regarded as a remittance through normal banking channels.
  1. Permissible credits to EEFC account.

    Following credits may be made to an EEFC Account, namely –
    1. A portion of inward remittance/payment received by the recipient in foreign exchange subject to the provisions of paragraph (1);
    2. Interest earned on the funds held in the account;
    3. Recredit of unutilised foreign currency earlier withdrawn from the account;
    4. Amount representing repayment by the account holder’s importer customer, of loan/advances granted in terms of clause (iv) of Paragraph 3.
    5. representing the disinvestment proceeds received by the resident account-holder on conversion of shares held by him to ADRs / GDRs under the Sponsored ADR / GDR Scheme approved by the Foreign Investment Board of Government of India.

      (Above Clause (v) has been added vide Notification No. FEMA 90/2003-RB, Dt. 23/05/2003)
  2. Permissible debits to the EEFC account.
    Following debits may be made to an EEFC Account, namely –
    1. Payment outside India towards a current account transaction in accordance with the provisions of the Foreign Exchange Management (Current Account Transactions) Rules, 2000 and towards a capital account transaction permissible under the Foreign Exchange Management (Permissible Capital Account Transactions) Regulations, 2000.
    2. Payment in foreign exchange towards cost of goods purchased from a 100 percent Export Oriented Unit or a Unit in (a) Export Processing Zone or (b) Software Technology Park or (c) Electronic Hardware Technology park.
    3. Payment of customs duty in accordance with the provisions of Export Import Policy of Central Government for the time being in force.
    4. Trade related loans/advances, "Removed- not exceeding US $ 3 million ", by an exporter holding such account to his importer customer outside India, subject to compliance with the Foreign Exchange Management (Borrowing and Lending in Foreign Exchange) Regulations, 2000.

      (In above sub-para (iv) the words "not exceeding US $ 3 million" has been deleted vide Notification No. FEMA 113/2004-RB, Dt. 06/03/2004).
    5. Payment in foreign exchange to a person resident in India for supply of goods/services including payments for air fare and hotel expenditure.
  3. Miscellaneous :-
    1. There is no restriction on withdrawal in rupees of funds held in an EEFC account. However, the amount withdrawn in rupees shall not be eligible for conversion into foreign currency and for recredit to the account.
    2. Authorised dealer may issue cheque books of separate series with the superscription “EEFC Account” to the account holders maintaining such accounts, and also satisfy himself while honouring the cheques that the payment made by the account holder by issue of a cheque is permissible under these Regulations.
  4. DELETED

    "Pre-Revised
    5. Special provisions for EEFC Account of a unit in a Special Economic Zone
    1. Save as otherwise provided in this paragraph, nothing contained in paragraphs 1 to 4 of this Schedule, shall apply to a unit in a Special Economic Zone.
    2. A unit in a Special Economic Zone may credit to its EEFC Account, all its receipts up to 100% in foreign exchange, except the following, namely:
      1. acquisition of foreign exchange by purchase against rupees from any person resident in India other than a unit in a Special Economic Zone,
    3. Paragraphs 3 and 4 shall mutatis mutandis apply to the EEFC Account of such unit." -"

6A. Foreign Currency Account of a unit in a Special Economic Zone

A unit located in a Special Economic Zone may open hold and maintain a Foreign Currency Account with an authorized dealer in India provided that,

  1. all foreign exchange funds received by the unit in the Special Economic Zone (SEZ) are credited to such account,
  2. no foreign exchange purchased in India against rupees shall be credited to the account without prior permission from the Reserve Bank,
  3. the funds held in the account shall be used for bonafide trade transactions of the unit in the SEZ with the person resident in India or otherwise,
  4. the balances in the accounts shall be exempt from the restrictions imposed under Rule 5, except item 3 and 4 of the Schedule III, of the Government of India Notification No.GSR.381(E) dated May 3, 2000.
    Provided further that the funds held in these accounts shall not be lent or made available in any manner to any person or entity resident in India not being a unit in Special Economic Zones.

    (Above 6A has been inserted & 5 Deleted vide Notification No. FEMA 63/2002-RB, Dt. 21/06/2002)

    (Pl. refer A.P. (DIR Series) Circular. No. 54/2002-RB, Dt. 29/06/2002 for terms and conditions related to - Normal business operations of the office (trading/non-trading)/branch or representative outside India)

    (Above para (5) has been added vide Notification No. 37/2001-RB dated 27/02/2001)

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What is New?

Date: 21-01-2021
Notification No.05/2021 - Customs (N.T.)
Exchange rate Notification No.05/2021-Cus (NT) dated 21.1.2021.

Date: 19-01-2021
Circular No. 1077/01/2021 - CX
Strict compliance to Limitation while filing Appeals/Petitions before Courts/ Tribunal -reg.

Date: 18-01-2021
Notification No. 8/2021-Customs (N.T./CAA/DRI)
Appointment of CAA by Pr. DGRI

Date: 18-01-2021
Notification No. 7/2021-Customs (N.T./CAA/DRI)
Appointment of CAA by Pr. DGRI

Date: 15-01-2021
Trade Notice No. 38/2020-21
Introduction of online e-PRC System for Application seeking Policy/Procedure relaxation in terms of Para 2.58 of FTP 2015-20

Date: 14-01-2021
Circular No.01/2021-Customs
Transhipment of Import & Export Cargo via Sri Lanka and Bangladesh-Waiver of bank guarantee –reg.

Date: 14-01-2021
Instruction No.01/2021-Customs
Requirement of filing of Bill of Coastal Goods (BCG) –reg.

Date: 14-01-2021
Notification No. 04/2021-Customs (N.T./CAA/DRI)
Appointment of CAA by Pr. DGRI

Date: 14-01-2021
Notification No. 05/2021-Customs (N.T./CAA/DRI)
Appointment of CAA by Pr. DGRI

Date: 12-01-2021
Notification No. 02/2021 - Central Tax
Seeks to make amendment (2021) to CGST Rules, 2017.



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