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Final GST Rules - Payment Rules: EximGuru.com



Chapter- --
PAYMENT OF TAX

1. Electronic Liability Register

(1) The electronic liability register specified under sub-section (7) of section 49 shall be
maintained in FORM GST PMT-01 for each person liable to pay tax, interest, penalty, late
fee or any other amount on the Common Portal and all amounts payable by him shall be
debited to the said register.
(2) The electronic liability register of the person shall be debited by:-
(a) the amount payable towards tax, interest, late fee or any other amount payable
as per the return furnished by the said person;
(b) the amount of tax, interest, penalty or any other amount payable as determined
by a proper officer in pursuance of any proceedings under the Act or as ascertained by
the said person;
(c) the amount of tax and interest payable as a result of mismatch under section 42
or section 43 or section 50; or
(d) any amount of interest that may accrue from time to time.
(3) Subject to the provisions of section 49, payment of every liability by a registered
person as per his return shall be made by debiting the electronic credit ledger maintained as
per rule 2 or the electronic cash ledger maintained as per rule 3 and the electronic liability
register shall be credited accordingly.
(4) The amount deducted under section 51, or the amount collected under section 52, or
the amount payable on reverse charge basis, or the amount payable under section 10 any
amount payable towards interest, penalty, fee or any other amount under the Act shall be paid
by debiting the electronic cash ledger maintained as per rule 3 and the electronic liability
register shall be credited accordingly.
(5) Any amount of demand debited in the electronic liability register shall stand reduced
to the extent of relief given by the appellate authority or Appellate Tribunal or court and the
electronic tax liability register shall be credited accordingly.
(6) The amount of penalty imposed or liable to be imposed shall stand reduced partly or
fully, as the case may be, if the taxable person makes the payment of tax, interest and penalty
specified in the show cause notice or demand order and the electronic liability register shall
be credited accordingly.
(7) A registered person shall, upon noticing any discrepancy in his electronic liability ledger,
communicate the same to the officer exercising jurisdiction in the matter, through the
Common Portal in FORM GST PMT-04.


2. Electronic Credit Ledger


(1) The electronic credit ledger shall be maintained in FORM GST PMT-02 for each
registered person eligible for input tax credit under the Act on the Common Portal and every
claim of input tax credit under the Act shall be credited to the said Ledger.
(2) The electronic credit ledger shall be debited to the extent of discharge of any liability
in accordance with section 49.
(3) Where a registered person has claimed refund of any unutilized amount from the
electronic credit ledger in accordance with the provisions of section 54, the amount to the
extent of the claim shall be debited in the said ledger.
(4) If the refund so filed is rejected, either fully or partly, the amount debited under subrule
(3), to the extent of rejection, shall be re-credited to the electronic credit ledger by the
proper officer by an order made in FORM GST PMT-03.
(5) Save as provided in these rules, no entry shall be made directly in the electronic credit
ledger under any circumstance.
(6) A registered person shall, upon noticing any discrepancy in his electronic credit ledger,
communicate the same to the officer exercising jurisdiction in the matter, through the
Common Portal in FORM GST PMT-04.
Explanation.– For the purpose of this rule, a refund shall be deemed to be rejected, if the
appeal is finally rejected or if the claimant gives an undertaking to the proper officer that he
shall not file an appeal.


3. Electronic Cash Ledger


(1) The electronic cash ledger under sub-section (1) of section 49 shall be maintained in
FORM GST PMT-05 for each person, liable to pay tax, interest, penalty, late fee or any
other amount, on the Common Portal for crediting the amount deposited and debiting the
payment therefrom towards tax, interest, penalty, fee or any other amount.
(2) Any person, or a person on his behalf, shall generate a challan in FORM GST PMT-
06 on the Common Portal and enter the details of the amount to be deposited by him towards
tax, interest, penalty, fees or any other amount.
(3) The deposit under sub-rule (2) shall be made through any of the following modes:
(i) Internet Banking through authorized banks;
(ii) Credit card or Debit card through the authorised bank;
(iii) National Electronic Fund Transfer (NeFT) or Real Time Gross Settlement
(RTGS) from any bank;
(iv) Over the Counter payment (OTC) through authorized banks for deposits up to
ten thousand rupees per challan per tax period, by cash, cheque or demand draft:
Provided that the restriction for deposit up to ten thousand rupees per challan in case of an
Over the Counter (OTC) payment shall not apply to deposit to be made by –
(a) Government Departments or any other deposit to be made by persons as may
be notified by the Commissioner in this behalf;
(b) Proper officer or any other officer authorised to recover outstanding dues from
any person, whether registered or not, including recovery made through attachment or
sale of movable or immovable properties;
(c) Proper officer or any other officer authorized for the amounts collected by way
of cash, cheque or demand draft during any investigation or enforcement activity or
any ad hoc deposit:
Provided further that the challan in FORM GST PMT-06 generated at the Common Portal
shall be valid for a period of fifteen days.
Explanation.– For making payment of any amount indicated in the challan, the commission,
if any, payable in respect of such payment shall be borne by the person making such
payment.
(4) Any payment required to be made by a person who is not registered under the Act,
shall be made on the basis of a temporary identification number generated through the
Common Portal.

(5) Where the payment is made by way of NeFT or RTGS mode from any bank, the
mandate form shall be generated along with the challan on the Common Portal and the same
shall be submitted to the bank from where the payment is to be made:
Provided that the mandate form shall be valid for a period of fifteen days from the date of
generation of challan.
(6) On successful credit of the amount to the concerned government account maintained
in the authorised bank, a Challan Identification Number (CIN) will be generated by the
collecting Bank and the same shall be indicated in the challan.
(7) On receipt of CIN from the collecting Bank, the said amount shall be credited to the
electronic cash ledger of the person on whose behalf the deposit has been made and the
Common Portal shall make available a receipt to this effect.
(8) Where the bank account of the person concerned, or the person making the deposit on
his behalf, is debited but no Challan Identification Number (CIN) is generated or generated
but not communicated to the Common Portal, the said person may represent electronically in
FORM GST PMT-07 through the Common Portal to the Bank or electronic gateway
through which the deposit was initiated.
(9) Any amount deducted under section 51 or collected under section 52 and claimed in
FORM GSTR-02 by the registered taxable person from whom the said amount was deducted
or, as the case may be, collected shall be credited to his electronic cash ledger in accordance
with the provisions of rule 2.Return.
(10) Where a person has claimed refund of any amount from the electronic cash ledger, the
said amount shall be debited to the electronic cash ledger.
(11) If the refund so claimed is rejected, either fully or partly, the amount debited under
sub-rule (10), to the extent of rejection, shall be credited to the electronic cash ledger by the
proper officer by an order made in FORM GST PMT-03.
(12) A registered person shall, upon noticing any discrepancy in his electronic cash ledger,
communicate the same to the officer exercising jurisdiction in the matter, through the
Common Portal in FORM GST PMT-04.
Explanation.- For the purposes of this rule, a refund shall be deemed to be rejected if the
appeal is finally rejected or if the claimant gives an undertaking to the proper officer that he
shall not file an appeal.


4. Identification number for each transaction


(1) A unique identification number shall be generated at the Common Portal for each
debit or credit to the electronic cash or credit ledger, as the case may be.
(2) The unique identification number relating to discharge of any liability shall be
indicated in the corresponding entry in the electronic liability register.
(3) A unique identification number shall be generated at the Common Portal for each
credit in the electronic liability register for reasons other than those covered under sub-rule (2).


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What is New?

Date: 25-08-2020



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