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Payment Methods in Export Import Trade.




There are 3 standard ways of payment methods in the export import trade international trade market:

  1. Clean Payment
  2. Collection of Bills
  3. Letters of Credit L/c

1. Clean Payments


In clean payment method, all shipping documents, including title documents are handled directly between the trading partners. The role of banks is limited to clearing amounts as required. Clean payment method offers a relatively cheap and uncomplicated method of payment for both importers and exporters.

There are basically two type of clean payments:

Advance Payment

In advance payment method the exporter is trusted to ship the goods after receiving payment from the importer.

Open Account

In open account method the importer is trusted to pay the exporter after receipt of goods.

The main drawback of open account method is that exporter assumes all the risks while the importer get the advantage over the delay use of company's cash resources and is also not responsible for the risk associated with goods.


2. Payment Collection of Bills in International Trade


The Payment Collection of Bills also called “Uniform Rules for Collections” is published by International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) under the document number 522 (URC522) and is followed by more than 90% of the world's banks.

In this method of payment in international trade the exporter entrusts the handling of commercial and often financial documents to banks and gives the banks necessary instructions concerning the release of these documents to the Importer. It is considered to be one of the cost effective methods of evidencing a transaction for buyers, where documents are manipulated via the banking system.

There are two methods of collections of bill :

Documents Against Payment  D/P

In this case documents are released to the importer only when the payment has been done.

Documents Against Acceptance D/A

In this case documents are released to the importer only against acceptance of a draft.


3. Letter of Credit L/c


Letter of Credit also known as Documentary Credit is a written undertaking by the importers bank known as the issuing bank on behalf of its customer, the importer (applicant), promising to effect payment in favor of the exporter (beneficiary) up to a stated sum of money, within a prescribed time limit and against stipulated documents. It is published by the International Chamber of Commerce under the provision of Uniform Custom and Practices (UCP) brochure number 500.

Various types of L/Cs are :

Revocable & Irrevocable Letter of Credit (L/c)

A Revocable Letter of Credit can be cancelled without the consent of the exporter. An Irrevocable Letter of Credit cannot be cancelled or amended without the consent of all parties including the exporter.

Sight & Time Letter of Credit

If payment is to be made at the time of presenting the document then it is referred as the Sight Letter of Credit. In this case banks are allowed to take the necessary time required to check the documents.
If payment is to be made after the lapse of  a particular time period as stated in the draft then it is referred as  the Term Letter of Credit.

Confirmed Letter of Credit (L/c)

Under a Confirmed Letter of Credit, a bank, called the Confirming Bank, adds its commitment to that of the issuing bank. By adding its commitment, the Confirming Bank takes the responsibility of claim under the letter of credit, assuming all terms and conditions of the letter of credit are met.

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What is New?

Date: 19-04-2018
Notification No.33/2018-Customs (N.T.)
Exchange Rates Notification No.33/2018-Custom(NT) dated 19.4.2018

Date: 18-04-2018
Notification No. 22/2018-Customs (ADD)
seeks to impose definitive anti-dumping duty on imports of Glassware, originating in, or exported from People's Republic of China and Indonesia. .

Date: 17-04-2018
Notification No. 21/2018-Customs (ADD)
seeks to extend the levy of anti-dumping duty, imposed on imports of Soda Ash originating in or exported from Russia and Turkey under Notification No. 8/2013-Customs (ADD), dated the 18.04.2013 for a further period of one year (i.e. 16.04.2019) or till the conclusion of the sunset review investigations initiated by the Designated Authority vide initiation notification No.7/4/2018-DGAD dated the 16th April, 2018, whichever is earlier.

Date: 16-04-2018
DGFT Notification No.02/2015-2020
Incorporatoin of new HS Codes for laying down import policy for Kabuli Chana, Bengal gram and Others under Exim Code 0713 of Chapter 07 of ITC (HS), 2017, Schedule - I (Import Policy).

Date: 16-04-2018
DGFT Notification No.03/2015-2020
Amendment in import policy conditions under Exim Code 9022 of Chapter 90 of ITC (HS), 2017, Schedule - I (Import Policy).

Date: 13-04-2018
Notification No.32/2018-Customs (N.T.)
Tariff Notification in respect of Fixation of Tariff Value of Edible Oils, Brass Scrap, Poppy Seeds, Areca Nut, Gold and Sliver.

Date: 12-04-2018
A.P. (DIR Series) Circular No.23
Liberalised Remittance Scheme (LRS) for Resident Individuals – daily reporting of transactions

Date: 11-04-2018
Trade Notice No- 2/2018-19
Launch of facility to check status of Importer Exporter Code (IEC) application made to DGFT

Date: 10-04-2018
Notification No. 43/2018-Customs
seeks to increase tariff rate of basic customs duty (BCD) on tariff items covered under tariff sub head 0404 10 ie. Whey and modified Whey, whether or not concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening matter, and under tariff item 0404 90 00 ie. Other Whey from present 30% to 40% by invoking section 8A (1) of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975.

Date: 10-04-2018
Notification No. 44/2018-Customs
seeks to amend notification No. 50/2017 Customs dated 30.06.2017 so as to maintain effective rate of BCD on Whey, concentrated, evaporated or condensed, liquid or semi-solid (0404 10 10) and Other Whey (0404 90 00) at 30%.



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