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Payment Methods in Export Import Trade.




There are 3 standard ways of payment methods in the export import trade international trade market:

  1. Clean Payment
  2. Collection of Bills
  3. Letters of Credit L/c

1. Clean Payments


In clean payment method, all shipping documents, including title documents are handled directly between the trading partners. The role of banks is limited to clearing amounts as required. Clean payment method offers a relatively cheap and uncomplicated method of payment for both importers and exporters.

There are basically two type of clean payments:

Advance Payment

In advance payment method the exporter is trusted to ship the goods after receiving payment from the importer.

Open Account

In open account method the importer is trusted to pay the exporter after receipt of goods.

The main drawback of open account method is that exporter assumes all the risks while the importer get the advantage over the delay use of company's cash resources and is also not responsible for the risk associated with goods.


2. Payment Collection of Bills in International Trade


The Payment Collection of Bills also called “Uniform Rules for Collections” is published by International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) under the document number 522 (URC522) and is followed by more than 90% of the world's banks.

In this method of payment in international trade the exporter entrusts the handling of commercial and often financial documents to banks and gives the banks necessary instructions concerning the release of these documents to the Importer. It is considered to be one of the cost effective methods of evidencing a transaction for buyers, where documents are manipulated via the banking system.

There are two methods of collections of bill :

Documents Against Payment  D/P

In this case documents are released to the importer only when the payment has been done.

Documents Against Acceptance D/A

In this case documents are released to the importer only against acceptance of a draft.


3. Letter of Credit L/c


Letter of Credit also known as Documentary Credit is a written undertaking by the importers bank known as the issuing bank on behalf of its customer, the importer (applicant), promising to effect payment in favor of the exporter (beneficiary) up to a stated sum of money, within a prescribed time limit and against stipulated documents. It is published by the International Chamber of Commerce under the provision of Uniform Custom and Practices (UCP) brochure number 500.

Various types of L/Cs are :

Revocable & Irrevocable Letter of Credit (L/c)

A Revocable Letter of Credit can be cancelled without the consent of the exporter. An Irrevocable Letter of Credit cannot be cancelled or amended without the consent of all parties including the exporter.

Sight & Time Letter of Credit

If payment is to be made at the time of presenting the document then it is referred as the Sight Letter of Credit. In this case banks are allowed to take the necessary time required to check the documents.
If payment is to be made after the lapse of  a particular time period as stated in the draft then it is referred as  the Term Letter of Credit.

Confirmed Letter of Credit (L/c)

Under a Confirmed Letter of Credit, a bank, called the Confirming Bank, adds its commitment to that of the issuing bank. By adding its commitment, the Confirming Bank takes the responsibility of claim under the letter of credit, assuming all terms and conditions of the letter of credit are met.

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What is New?

Date: 25-08-2020



Date: 09-07-2020
Notification No. 18/2020-Customs (ADD)
Seeks to extend anti-dumping duty on import of Phenol originating in or exported from South Africa, imposed vide Notification No. 32/2015-Customs(ADD) dated 10.07.2015, up to and inclusive of 9th January, 2021.

Date: 08-07-2020
Notification No. 17/2020-Customs (ADD)
Seeks to levy definitive anti-dumping duty on imports of ' Steel and Fibre Glass Measuring tapes and their parts and components ',originating in, or exported from, People's Republic of China for a period of five years, in pursuance of final findings of sunset review investigations issued by DGTR

Date: 06-07-2020
Notification No. 29/2020-Customs
Seeks to further amend notification no. 152/2009 dated 31.12.2009, to increase the rate of duty of customs on imports of Phthalic Anhydride originating in Korea RP and imported under the India-Korea Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement, on recommendation of preliminary findings of Directorate General of Trade Remedies under India-Korea Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (Bilateral Safeguard Measures) Rules, 2017.

Date: 02-07-2020
Notification No. 55/2020 - Customs (N.T.)
Exchange Rates Notification No.55/2020-Custom (NT) dated 02.07.2020.

Date: 01-07-2020
Notification No. 58/2020 – Central Tax
Seeks to make eighth amendment (2020) to CGST Rules

Date: 30-06-2020
Notification No. 54/2020-CUSTOMS (N.T.)
Tariff Notification in respect of Fixation of Tariff Value of Edible Oils, Brass Scrap, Poppy Seeds, Areca Nut, Gold and Silver- Reg.

Date: 30-06-2020
Circular No.31/2020-Customs
Extension of validity of AEO certification for ease of renewal process (Modification in Circular No. 27/2020 dated 02.06.2020) [Circular No. 31/2020 - Customs dated 30.06.2020].

Date: 30-06-2020
Notification No. 57/2020 – Central Tax
Seeks to amend notification no. 52/2020-Central Tax in order to provide conditional waiver of lat fees for the period from July, 2017 to July, 2020.

Date: 30-06-2020
PUBLIC NOTICE No. 11/2015-2020
Extension of validity of Recognition of Pre-shipment Inspection Agencies (PSIAs



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