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Advantages and Disadvantages of SEZ.



A SEZ unit which has been set up for carrying on manufacturing, trading or service activity has both advantages as well as disadvantages. SEZ advantages are quite far more as compared to its disadvantages which are almost negligible.


  • 15 year corporate tax holiday on export profit – 100% for initial 5 years, 50% for the next 5 years and up to 50% for the balance 5 years equivalent to profits ploughed back for investment.

  • Allowed to carry forward losses.

  • No licence required for import made under SEZ units.

  • Duty free import  or domestic procurement of goods for setting up of the SEZ units.

  • Goods imported/procured locally are duty free and could be utilized over the approval period of 5 years.

  • Exemption from customs duty on import of capital goods, raw materials, consumables, spares, etc.

  • Exemption from Central Excise duty on the procurement of capital goods, raw materials, and consumable spares, etc. from the domestic market.

  • Exemption from payment of Central Sales Tax on the sale or purchase of goods, provided that, the goods are meant for undertaking authorized operations.

  • Exemption from payment of Service Tax.

  • The sale of goods or merchandise that is manufactured outside the SEZ (i.e, in DTA) and which is purchased by the Unit (situated in the SEZ) is eligible for deduction and such sale would be deemed to be exports.

  • The SEZ unit is permitted to realize and repatriate to India the full export value of goods or software within a period of twelve months from the date of export.

  • “Write-off” of unrealized export bills is permitted up to an annual limit of 5% of their average annual realization.

  • No routine examination by Customs officials of export and import cargo.

  • Setting up Off-shore Banking Units (OBU) allowed in SEZs.

  • OBU's allowed 100% income tax exemption on profit earned for three years and 50 % for next two years.

  • Exemption from requirement of domicile in India for 12 months prior to appointment as Director.

  • Since SEZ units are considered as ‘public utility services’, no strikes would be allowed in such companies without giving the employer 6 weeks prior notice in addition to the other conditions mentioned in the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947.

  • The Government has exempted SEZ Units from the payment of stamp duty and registration fees on the lease/license of plots.

  • External Commercial Borrowings up to $ 500 million a year allowed without any maturity restrictions.

  • Enhanced limit of Rs. 2.40 crores per annum allowed for managerial remuneration.


  • Revenue losses because of the various tax exemptions and incentives.

  • Many traders are interested in SEZ, so that they can acquire at cheap rates and create a land bank for themselves.

  • The number of units applying for setting up EOU's is not commensurate to the number of applications for setting up SEZ's leading to a belief that this project may not match up to expectations.

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What is New?

Date: 07-10-2015
Central Excise Notification No 21/2015 CE (NT)
Seeks to further amend CENVAT Credit Rules, 2004 so as to allow input credit of duty paid on molasses generated from cane crushed in the sugar season 2015-16 i.e. 1st October, 2015 onwards, used for producing ethanol for supply to the public sector oil marketing companies, namely, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd., Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd. or Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd., for the purposes of blending with petrol, in terms of the provisions of S. No. 40A of the Table in notification No.12/2012-Central Excise, dated the 17th March, 2012, by including such supplies of exempted ethanol under rule 6(6) of the CENVAT Credit Rules, 2004

Date: 07-10-2015
DGFT Notification No 23/ 2015-2020
Export Policy of rice.

Date: 06-10-2015
DGFT Notification No 22/ 2015-2020
Amendment in Notification No. 55(RE-2013)/2009-14 dated 03.12.2013 relating to export of Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances.

Date: 06-10-2015
RBI/2015-16/198 A.P. (DIR Series) Circular No 19
Investment by Foreign Portfolio Investors (FPI) in Government Securities

Date: 06-10-2015
Service Tax Circular No.186/03/2014–ST
Regarding Service tax levy on services provided by a Goods Transport Agency

Date: 05-10-2015
Customs Notification No. 49/ 2015
Seeks to further amend notification No. 12/2012-Customs dated 17.03.2012 so as to increase the basic customs duty on ghee, butter and butter oil from the present rate of 30% to 40% for a period upto and inclusive of the 31st day of March, 2016

Date: 01-10-2015
Central Excise INSTRUCTION
Jurisdiction of the Settlement Commission (Customs, Central Excise & Service Tax) in respect of the cases of Gold Smuggling

Date: 01-10-2015
Customs Notification No 97/2015 (NT)
Rate of exchange of conversion of the foreign currency with effect from 2nd October, 2015

Date: 01-10-2015
DGFT Public Notice No. 38/2015-2020
Amendment in Appendix – 2T in Appendices and Aayat Niryat Forms of FTP 2015-20.

Date: 01-10-2015
DGFT Public Notice No. 39/2015-2020
Enlistment under Appendix 2E – Agencies Authorized to issue Certificate of Origin - (Non-Preferential).

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