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Custom Import Duty on Importing Goods.




Introduction

The concept of import duty is very wide and is almost applicable to every product or item imported to India barring a few goods like food grains, fertilizer, life saving drugs and equipment etc. Import duties form a significant source of revenue for the country and are levied on the goods and at the rates specified in the Schedules to the Customs Tariff Act, 1975.

Import through Sea
Territorial water extends up to 12 nautical miles into the sea from the coast of India and so the liability to pay import duty commences as soon as goods enter the territorial waters of India. No duty is livable on goods which are in transit in the same ship or if goods are in transit from one ship to another.

Basic duty

Basic Duty is a type of duty or tax imposed under the Customs Act (1962). Basic Customs Duty varies for different items from 5% to 40%. The duty rates are mentioned in the First Schedule of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975 and have been amended from time to time under the Finance Act. The duty may be fixed on ad –valorem basis or specific rate basis. The Central Government has the power to reduce or exempt any good from these duties.

Additional customs
Additional duty also known as countervailing duty or C.V.D is equal to excise duty imposed on a like product manufactured or produced in India. It is implemented under the Section 3 (1) of the Indian Custom Tariff Act. The Government has exempted all goods, when imported into India for subsequent sale, from the whole of the additional duty of customs leviable thereon under Sub-Section (5) of Section 3 of the Customs Tariff Act vide Customs Tariff Notification No. 102/2007 dated 14th September 2007. However, the importers will be first required to pay the said duty and thereafter required to claim the refund.

Special additional duty
Special Additional Duty of Customs is imposed at the rate of 4% in order to provide a level playing field to indigenous goods which have to bear sales tax. This duty is to computed on the aggregate of –

  • assessable value;

  • basic duty of Customs;

  • surcharge; and

  • additional duty of Customs leviable under section 3 of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975 (c.v.d.)

Anti-Dumping Duty
Dumping means exporting goods in a foreign market at a price which is less than their cost of production or below their "fair" market value. Dumping gives a hard competition to a domestic goods manufacturer. So, to counteract this dumping, the Indian government has formulated certain guidelines and policies. Imposing duty on imported goods is also one of them and is known as Anti-Dumping Duty.

All the laws related to anti-dumping duties are mention in the sections 9A, 9B and 9C of the Indian Customs Tariff Act (1975), and the Indian Customs Tariff Rules (1995). These laws are based on the Agreement on Anti-Dumping which is in pursuance of Article VI of GATT 1994.

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What is New?

Date: 23-06-2019
Notification No. 25/2019-Customs (ADD)
Seeks to amend notification No. 23/2013-Customs(ADD), dated the 10th October, 2013 to extend the anti-dumping duty on ductile iron pipes originating in, or exported from China PR till 9th October, 2019

Date: 21-06-2019
Notification No. 25 /2019 – Central Tax
Seeks to extend the date from which the facility of blocking and unblocking on e-way bill facility as per the provision of Rule 138E of CGST Rules, 2017 shall be brought into force to 21.08.2019.

Date: 21-06-2019
TRADE NOTICE NO. 19/2019-2020
Response to various representations against Allocation of Quota for Pulses/Peas.

Date: 20-06-2019
Notification No.45/2019 - Customs (N.T.)
Exchange Rates Notification No.45/2019-Custom(NT) dated 20.06.2019

Date: 19-06-2019
Circular No. 17/2019-Customs
Applicability of Additional Customs duty on goods re-imported under Customs Notification No. 94/96-Customs dated 16.12.1996 exported earlier for exhibition purpose/ consignment basis

Date: 19-06-2019
Notification No. 44/2019-Customs (N.T.)
Manufacture and other operations in Warehouse Regulations, 2019

Date: 18-06-2019
Notification No. 24/2019-Customs (ADD)
Seeks to levy anti dumping duty on jute sacking cloth under tariff heading 5310 originating in or exported from Bangladesh to prevent the circumvention of levy of anti dumping duty levied on jute sacking bags vide notification No. 1/2017-Customs(ADD) dated 5th January, 2017.

Date: 18-06-2019
Notification No. 42/ 2019-Customs (N.T.)
Customs (Supplementary Notice) Regulations, 2019

Date: 18-06-2019
Notification No. 43/2019-Customs(N.T.)
Proper officer for Customs (Supplementary Notice) Regulations, 2019

Date: 17-06-2019
Circular No. 16/2019-Customs
–IGST refunds- mechanism to verify the IGST payments for goods exported out of India in certain cases- reg.



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