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Import License and IEC Code Number.




Introduction

While the majority of the goods are freely importable, the Exim Policy (2007) of India prohibits import of certain categories of products as well as conditional import of certain items. In such a situation it becomes important for the importer to have an import license issued by the issuing authorities of the Government of India.

Import License Issuing Authority
In India, Import License is issued by the Director General of Foreign Trade. DGFT Delhi office is situated in Udyog Bhawan, New Delhi 110011.

Validity of Import License

Import Licenses are valid for 24 months for capital goods and 18 months for raw materials components, consumable and spares, with the license term renewable.

Sample of Import License

A typical sample of import license consists of two copies-
ForeignExchange Control Copy: To be utilised for effecting remittance to foreign seller or for opening letter of credit
Customs Copy: To be utilised for presenting to Customs authority enabling them to clear the goods. In the absence of custom copy, import will be declared as an unauthorised import, liable for confiscation and or penalty.

Categories of Import

All types of imported goods come under the following four categories:

  • Freely importable items: Most capital goods fall into this category. Any product declared as Freely Importable Item does not require import licenses.

  • Licensed Imports: There are number of goods, which can only be importer under an import license. This category includes several broad product groups that are classified as consumer goods; precious and semi-precious stones; products related to safety and security; seeds, plants and animals; some insecticides, pharmaceuticals and chemicals; some electronically items; several items reserved for production by the small-scale sector; and 17 miscellaneous or special-category items.

  • Canalised Items: There are certain canalised  items that can only be importer in India through specified channels or government agencies. These include petroleum products (to be imported only by the Indian Oil Corporation); nitrogenous phosphatic, potassic and complex chemical fertilizers (by the Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation) vitamin- A drugs (by the State Trading Corporation); oils and seeds (by the State Trading Corporation and Hindustan Vegetable Oils); and cereals (by the Food Corporation of India). 

  • Prohibited items: Only four items-tallow fat, animal rennet, wild animals and unprocessed ivory-are completely banned from importation.

Category of Importer
On the basis of product to be imported and its target buyer, importers categories are divided into three groups for the purpose of obtaining import licensing:

  1. Actual Users- An actual user applies for and receives a license to import of any item for personal use rather than for business or trade purpose.

  2. Registered exporters; defined as those who have a valid registration certificate issued by an export promotion council, commodity board or other registered authority designated by the Government for purposes of export-promotion.

  3. Others.

The two types of actual user license are:

  1. General Licenses : This license can be used for the imports of goods from all countries, except those countries from which imports are prohibited;

  2. Specific Licenses: This license can only be used for imports from a specific country.

Custom Inspection

Any violation in the import license is usually scanned by the custom officials of the custom department. Customer inspector and other custom officials have authority to inspect and evaluate the goods to be imported. It’s a part of their job to determine whether imports conform to the description in the import License or not. Custom official even have right to charge fines and penalties if any violation in the import license is found to be done by the importer.

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What is New?

Date: 05-04-2021
Notification No. 41/2021-Customs (N.T.)
Seeks to notify Customs (Verification of Identity and Compliance) Regulations, 2021

Date: 05-04-2021
Notification No. 20/2021 -Customs (ADD)
Seeks to impose definitive anti-dumping duty on imports of Flexible slabstock polyol originating in or exported from Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates for a period of five years.

Date: 01-04-2021
Trade Notice No. 01/2021-2022
Electronic filing and Issuance of Preferential Certificate of Origin (CoO) for India’s Exports under India-Mauritius Comprehensive Economic Cooperation and Partnership Agreement (IMCECPA) w.e.f. 01st April 2021

Date: 01-04-2021
Notification No. 40/2021 - Customs (N.T.)
Exchange rates Notification No.40/2021-Cus (NT) dated 01.04.2021

Date: 31-03-2021
Notification No. 19/2021-Customs (ADD)
Seeks to further amend notification No. 2/2016-Customs (ADD) dated 28th Jan, 2016 to extend the levy of Anti-Dumping duty on Melamine originating in or exported from China PR, up to and inclusive of 30th September, 2021.

Date: 31-03-2021
Notification No. 60/2015-2020-DGFT
Extension of FTP 2015-20 upto 30.09.2021

Date: 31-03-2021
Notification No. 61/2015-2020-DGFT
Amendment in Import Policy of Copper and Aluminium under Chapter - 74 and Chapter - 76 of ITC (HS), 2017, Schedule-I (Import Policy) - reg.

Date: 31-03-2021
Public Notice No. 48/2015-2020-DGFT
Extension of HBP 2015-20 upto 30.09.2021

Date: 31-03-2021
Public Notice No. 49/2015-20
Amendment in Appendix-2K providing for updation of IEC – reg.

Date: 31-03-2021
Public Notice No. 50/2015-20
Procedure for allocation of quota, for year 2021-2022, for import of (i) Calcined Pet Coke (0.5 Million MT per annum) for Aluminum Industry and (ii) Raw Pet Coke (1.4 Million MT) for CPC manufacturing industry - reg.



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