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Custom Clearance of Imported Goods.




Introduction

All goods imported into India have to pass through the procedure of customs for proper examination, appraisal, assessment and evaluation. This helps the custom authorities to charge the proper tax and also check the goods against the illegal import. Also it is important to note that no import is allowed in India if the importer doesn’t have the IEC number issued by the DFGT. There is no requirement of IEC number if the goods are imported for the personal use.

Bill of Entry
A Bill of Entry also known as Shipment Bill is a statement of the nature and value of goods to be imported or exported, prepared by the shipper and presented to a customhouse. The importer clearing the goods for domestic consumption has to file bill of entry in four copies; original and duplicate are meant for customs, third copy for the importer and the fourth copy is meant for the bank for making remittances.
If the goods are cleared through the EDI system, no formal Bill of Entry is filed as it is generated in the computer system, but the importer is required to file a cargo declaration having prescribed particulars required for processing of the entry for customs clearance.
In the non-EDI system along with the bill of entry filed by the importer or his representative the following documents are also generally required:-

  • Signed invoice

  • Packing list

  • Bill of Lading or Delivery Order/Airway Bill

  • GATT declaration form duly filled in

  • Importers/ CHA’s declaration

  • License wherever necessary

  • Letter of Credit/Bank Draft/wherever necessary

  • Insurance document

  • Import license

  • Industrial License, if required

  • Test report in case of chemicals

  • Adhoc exemption order

  • DEEC Book/DEPB in original

  • Catalogue, Technical write up, Literature in case of machineries, spares or chemicals as may be applicable

  • Separately split up value of spares, components machineries

  • Certificate of Origin, if preferential rate of duty is claimed

  • No Commission declaration

Amendment of Bill of Entry
Whenever mistakes are noticed after submission of documents, amendments to the bill of entry is carried out with the approval of Deputy/Assistant Commissioner.

Green Channel facility
Some major importers have been given the green channel clearance facility. It means clearance of goods is done without routine examination of the goods. They have to make a declaration in the declaration form at the time of filing of bill of entry. The appraisement is done as per normal procedure except that there would be no physical examination of the goods.

Payment of Duty
Import duty may be paid in the designated banks or through TR-6 challans. Different Custom Houses have authorised different banks for payment of duty and is necessary to check the name of the bank and the branch before depositing the duty.

Prior Entry for Shipping Bill or Bill of Entry
For faster clearance of the goods, provision has been made in section 46 of the Act, to allow filing of bill of entry prior to arrival of goods. This bill of entry is valid if vessel/aircraft carrying the goods arrive within 30 days from the date of presentation of bill of entry.

Specialized Schemes
Import of goods under specialized scheme such as DEEC and EOU etc is required to execute bonds with the custom authorities. In case failure of bond, importer is required to pay the duty livable on those goods. The amount of bond would be equal to the amount of duty livable on the imported goods. The bank guarantee is also required along with the bond. However, the amount of bank guarantee depends upon the status of the importer like Super Star Trading House/Trading House etc.

Bill of Entry for Bond/Warehousing
A separate form of bill of entry is used for clearance of goods for warehousing. Assessment of this bill of entry is done in the same manner as the normal bill of entry and then the duty payable is determined.

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What is New?

Date: 02-07-2020
Notification No. 55/2020 - Customs (N.T.)
Exchange Rates Notification No.55/2020-Custom (NT) dated 02.07.2020.

Date: 01-07-2020
Notification No. 58/2020 – Central Tax
Seeks to make eighth amendment (2020) to CGST Rules

Date: 30-06-2020
Notification No. 54/2020-CUSTOMS (N.T.)
Tariff Notification in respect of Fixation of Tariff Value of Edible Oils, Brass Scrap, Poppy Seeds, Areca Nut, Gold and Silver- Reg.

Date: 30-06-2020
Circular No.31/2020-Customs
Extension of validity of AEO certification for ease of renewal process (Modification in Circular No. 27/2020 dated 02.06.2020) [Circular No. 31/2020 - Customs dated 30.06.2020].

Date: 30-06-2020
Notification No. 57/2020 – Central Tax
Seeks to amend notification no. 52/2020-Central Tax in order to provide conditional waiver of lat fees for the period from July, 2017 to July, 2020.

Date: 27-06-2020
Notification No. 55/2020 – Central Tax
Seeks to amend notification no. 35/2020-Central Tax in order to extend due date of compliance which falls during the period from "20.03.2020 to 30.08.2020" till 31.08.2020.

Date: 27-06-2020
Notification No. 56/2020 – Central Tax
Seeks to amend notification no. 46/2020-Central Tax in order to further extend period to pass order under Section 54(7) of CGST Act till 31.08.2020 or in some cases upto fifteen days thereafter.

Date: 24-06-2020
Notification No. 04/2020 – Integrated Tax
Seeks to bring into force Section 134 of Finance Act, 2020 in order to bring amendment to Section 25 of IGST Act w.e.f. 30.06.2020.

Date: 24-06-2020
Notification No. 05/2020 – Integrated Tax
Seeks to provide relief by lowering of interest rate for a prescribed time for tax periods from February, 2020 to July, 2020.

Date: 24-06-2020
Notification No. 02/2020 – Union Territory Tax
Seeks to provide relief by lowering of interest rate for a prescribed time for tax periods from February, 2020 to July, 2020.



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