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Import Trade Governing Bodies.


 

Introduction
Import in India is governed by the certain rules and regulation, which are issued by the import-export governing bodies. IImport Export government authorities decide which items will be imported and which item will be prohibited. The quantity of goods to be imported and tax imposed on the imported goods is also under the control of import governing body. Import-Export governing bodies also play an important role in settling the Foreign Trade Agreement in matters related to import of goods.

Ministry of Commerce and Industry
The Ministry of Commerce and Industry is the nodal authority for formulating and implementing the foreign trade policy in matter related to Import. The Department of Commerce play a key role in matters related to multilateral and bilateral commercial relations, state trading, export promotion measures and development and regulation of certain import oriented industries and commodities.
There are two departments under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. The first one is the Department of Commerce and the second is Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion. The department of Ministry of Commerce which is sometimes also termed as Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion was established in the year 1995, and in the year 2000 Department of Industrial Development was merged with it.
Ministry of Commerce and Industry has its offices in all the major cities. Its Delhi office is located at Udyog Bhavan, New Delhi – 110011 India

Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT)
DGFT or Directorate General of Foreign Trade is a government organisation in India responsible for the formulation of guidelines and principles for importers as well as exporters of country.
Preparation, formulation and implication of Exim Policies are one of the main functions of DGFT. Apart from Exim Policy, DGFT is also responsible for issuing IEC or Import Export Code. IEC codes are mandatory for carrying out import export trade operations and enable companies to acquire benefits on their imports/exports, customs, exports promotion council etc in India. DGFT also play an important role in controlling DEPB rates and setting standard input-output norms. Any changes or formulation or addition of new codes in ITC-HS Codes are also carried out by DGFT (Directorate General of Foreign Trade).
DGFT has its offices in all the major cities. Its Delhi office is located at IP Bhawan, New Delhi.

Central Board of Excises Customs (CBEC)

The Central Board of Excises Customs (CBEC) under Ministry of Finance is the controlling authority to handle custom duty related matters. CBEC regularly publishes the "Indian Customs Tariff Guide that provides all types of information on custom duty rules and regulation in India.

Custom duty not only raises money for the Central Government but also helps the government to prevent the illegal imports and exports of goods from India. The Central government has emergency powers to increase import or export duties whenever necessary after a notification in the session of Parliament.

Objectives of Custom Duties
Regulating the amount of import in India in order to protect the domestic market.
Protecting Indian Industry from undue competition
Prohibiting certain imports of goods for achieving the policy objectives of the Government.
Regulating imports
Coordinating legal provisions with other laws dealing with foreign exchange such as Foreign Trade Act, Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Act, etc.

All import goods are classified into categories known as called "headings" and "subheadings" (Harmonised System Codes) for the purpose of levy of duty. For each sub-heading, a specific rate of duty has been prescribed in the Customs Tariff Act, 1975.

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What is New?

Date: 05-04-2021
Notification No. 41/2021-Customs (N.T.)
Seeks to notify Customs (Verification of Identity and Compliance) Regulations, 2021

Date: 05-04-2021
Notification No. 20/2021 -Customs (ADD)
Seeks to impose definitive anti-dumping duty on imports of Flexible slabstock polyol originating in or exported from Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates for a period of five years.

Date: 01-04-2021
Trade Notice No. 01/2021-2022
Electronic filing and Issuance of Preferential Certificate of Origin (CoO) for India’s Exports under India-Mauritius Comprehensive Economic Cooperation and Partnership Agreement (IMCECPA) w.e.f. 01st April 2021

Date: 01-04-2021
Notification No. 40/2021 - Customs (N.T.)
Exchange rates Notification No.40/2021-Cus (NT) dated 01.04.2021

Date: 31-03-2021
Notification No. 19/2021-Customs (ADD)
Seeks to further amend notification No. 2/2016-Customs (ADD) dated 28th Jan, 2016 to extend the levy of Anti-Dumping duty on Melamine originating in or exported from China PR, up to and inclusive of 30th September, 2021.

Date: 31-03-2021
Notification No. 60/2015-2020-DGFT
Extension of FTP 2015-20 upto 30.09.2021

Date: 31-03-2021
Notification No. 61/2015-2020-DGFT
Amendment in Import Policy of Copper and Aluminium under Chapter - 74 and Chapter - 76 of ITC (HS), 2017, Schedule-I (Import Policy) - reg.

Date: 31-03-2021
Public Notice No. 48/2015-2020-DGFT
Extension of HBP 2015-20 upto 30.09.2021

Date: 31-03-2021
Public Notice No. 49/2015-20
Amendment in Appendix-2K providing for updation of IEC – reg.

Date: 31-03-2021
Public Notice No. 50/2015-20
Procedure for allocation of quota, for year 2021-2022, for import of (i) Calcined Pet Coke (0.5 Million MT per annum) for Aluminum Industry and (ii) Raw Pet Coke (1.4 Million MT) for CPC manufacturing industry - reg.



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